Mental Health Sectors

Mental Health covers a wide variety of forms that affects 17.6% of adults between the ages of 16 and 64. Women were more likely than men to have a common mental disorder ( 19.7 per cent and 12.5 per cent respectively ).

(Source: Psychiatric morbidity in England, 2007 NHS Information Centre, 2008)

The mental health charity Mind's website states that around 300 people out of 1,000 will experience mental health problems every year in Britain, 230 of these will visit a GP and of those 102 will be diagnosed as having a mental health problem. 24 of these will be referred to a specialist psychiatric service and 6 will become inpatients in psychiatric hospitals.

The main forms of Mental Health that Care Assists work with are as listed below. Click on each for more information, and to find out about Care Assist's philosphy of care for the condition

Alcohol Dependency

Most people with alcohol problems do not decide to make a big change out of the blue or transform their drinking habits overnight. Recovery is usually a more gradual process. In the early stages of change, denial is a huge obstacle.
Even after admitting you have a drinking problem, you may make excuses and drag your feet.
It's important to acknowledge your ambivalence about stopping drinking.
If you're not sure if you're ready to change or you're struggling with the decision, it can help to think about the costs and benefits of each choice.

Bipolar / Manic Depression

Formerly called manic depression, Bipolar Disorder means the changes in a person's mood are extreme and swing from "highs" to deep depression although there may well be stable periods between these episodes. The person may also see or hear things that others may not, and may also be deluded.

Symptoms may include:

  • feeling euphoric - excessively 'high'
  • restlessness
  • extreme irritability
  • talking very fast
  • racing thoughts
  • lack of concentration
  • sleeping very little
  • a feeling a sense of own importance
  • poor judgement
  • excessive and inappropriate spending
  • increased sexual drive
  • risky behaviour
  • misusing drugs/ alcohol
  • aggressive behaviour.

Only about 1% of the population suffer bipolar disorder with equal prevalence rates for men and women. About one in five of these people on have one episode, whilst the other four will suffer recurrences of the disorder.

Eating Disorders

Low esteem is a common factor in people who experience eating problems, or a feeling that they are not as good as their peers. However, there is normally more than one cause that may include historical life experiences or current pressures.

Causes could include Personality, Family Life (childhood experiences) Genetics, Stressful Experiences, Health Problems and Media images - e.g. tall skinny but glamorous models.

The incidence of anorexia nervosa is around 19 for every 100,000 of the population per year for women and 2 for every 100,000 per year for men, according to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE.)

The prevalence for bulimia nervosa is between 0.5 and 1.0 per cent for young women, suggests NICE. Around 90 per cent of those diagnosed with bulimia are thought to be girls, according to NICE.

Beating Eating Disorder (beat) suggests that the prevalence rates for anorexia might be around 1 to 2 %. For bulimia they suggest a prevalence rate of 1 to 3%.

For every reported cases of any problem, many go unreported or diagnosed, and some believe the actual figure could be as high as 1.5 million people in the UK suffering from an Eating Disorder.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder where a person cannot differentiate their own intense thoughts and perceptions from reality.

Many people argue that when considering a diagnosis of schizophrenia it is important to think about individual experience. In this way, each symptom of schizophrenia might then be seen as a logical or natural reaction to difficult life events or life experience.

ONS suggests that it affects only 1 person in 200 in a year, and it is estimated that the prevalence at any one time is about 1 in 500 - and that overall there is a 50/50 split between men and women.

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse refers to the use of substances such as alcohol and illicit drugs that leads to high levels of dependence, and repeated use of these substances.

This over use leads to a high desire and need to use the drug that will heavily effect and disrupt normal life, as well as possible dangers to both the user and other people they live with or meet.

We will also assess Detention under the Mental Health Act, Drug Dependence and Motor Neurone Disease on an individual basis.